AskDefine | Define apodictic

Dictionary Definition

apodictic adj : of a proposition; necessarily true or logically certain [syn: apodeictic]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From etyl la apodicticus, from etyl grc ἀποδεικτός, from ἀποδείκνυμι.

Pronunciation

  • a UK /apə(ʊ)ˈdɪktɪk/

Adjective

  1. Incontrovertible; demonstrably true or certain.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Folio Society 2008, p. 284:
      No religion has ever yet owed its prevalence to ‘apodictic certainty’.
  2. A style of argument, in which a person presents their reasoning as categorically true, even if it is not necessarily so.
    Don't be so apodictic! You haven't considered several facets of the question.

Translations

incontrovertible
  • Croatian: apodiktičan

Related terms

Extensive Definition

"Apodictic" or "apodeictic" (," "capable of demonstration") is an adjectival expression from Aristotelean logic that refers to propositions that are demonstrable, that are necessarily or self-evidently the case or that, conversely, are impossible. Apodicticity is the corresponding abstract noun, referring to logical certainty.
Apodictic propositions contrast with assertoric propositions, which merely assert that something is (or is not) the case, and with problematic propositions, which assert only the possibility of something being true. For instance, "Two plus two equals four" is apodictic. "Chicago is larger than Omaha" is assertoric. "A corporation could be wealthier than a country" is problematic. In Aristotelian logic, "apodictic" is opposed to "dialectic," as scientific proof is opposed to probable reasoning. Kant contrasts "apodictic" with "problematic" and "assertoric" in the Critique of Pure Reason, page A70/B95.
Economist Ludwig von Mises of the Austrian school asserted the apodictic truth of theories arrived at through praxeological reasoning.
The expression "apodictic" is also sometimes applied to a style of argumentation in which a person presents his reasoning as being categorically true, even if it is not necessarily so. An example of such a usage might be: "Demonstrate less apodicticity! You haven't considered several facets of the question."

References

  • Flew, Anthony. A Dictionary of Philosophy - Revised Second Edition St. Martin's Press, NY, 1979
apodictic in German: Apodiktische Aussage
apodictic in French: Apodictique
apodictic in Italian: Apodittico
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1